Cropping and Orientation
Opening an image
To open an image, click on the File menu and select Open.
But first, let's briefly explore the Browse option. By using Browse, Photoshop will automatically launch another program called Adobe Bridge. Bridge is a way to preview thumbnails from folders. This is a good solution if you have lots of images and are not sure which image name you're looking for.
If you're wishing to follow along this tutorial exactly, download the following image, then open it in Photoshop:
In some rare cases, images coming out of a camera may need to be rotated. Most modern cameras have sensors that detect the orientation of the camera when you took the photo, and will automatically straighten the photo for you! Every now and then, however, the sensor either fails, or more likely, you are getting an image from a scanner, in which case you will likely have to rotate your image.
Rotating images is a fairly simple process. Go to the image menu and select Image Rotation.
Most likely, you will have to select either 90 degrees Counter Clockwise (90 CCW), or 90 Clockwise (90 CW) depending on which way the photo is situated. Click 180 degrees if the photo is completely upside down.
Using the crop tool
Once you have the image open, click on the crop tool in your tool palette.
Next, click and drag open a box on your image.
You can click and drag on the small boxes -- called anchor points -- that surround the box to reshape your crop. Hover over the boxes to see your mouse cursor change into different arrows that indicate how that anchor point will shape the crop if you click on it.
Hover your mouse arrow just outside one of the corner boxes to change your cursor into a curve. This curve indicates that it will rotate your crop. Generally, you never want to tilt your crop, but occasionally if the photo was taken at a tilted angle, this is a great solution for straightening your crop.
You can confirm or cancel your crop in a number of ways. You can use the cancel icon (looks like a no-smoking circle) or the OK icon (looks like a checkmark) that is located at the top right of the options bar.
You can also use some very simple keyboard shortcuts. Press Return (Enter, on a PC) to confirm your crop, or press the Esc key to cancel the crop. You can also use the mouse by double-clicking within your image to confirm the crop, or clicking on another tool, which will bring up a warning dialogue box asking you to either confirm or cancel.
Resizing while cropping
You can actually resize the image as you are cropping. Essentially, you are telling Photoshop which dimensions the image should result in after your crop. This is sometimes at the center of some confusion because if you lock in dimensions, your crop box will be forced into a certain ratio.
Fill in the width and height fields in the option bar while the crop tool is selected. Don't worry about the resolution, that's for printing. If you are using the provided tutorial image, input the following dimensions:
width: 600 px height: 400 px